fodder n : coarse food (especially for cattle and horses) composed of entire plants or the leaves and stalks of a cereal crop v : give fodder (to domesticated animals)
- Rhymes: -ɒdə(r)
- Food for animals.
- A weight by which lead and some other metals were formerly
sold, in England, varying from 19 1/2 to 24 cwt (993 to 1222 kg).; a fother.
- 1866, Now measured by the old hundred, that is, 108 lbs. the charrus contains nearly 19 1/2 hundreds, that is it corresponds to the fodder, or fother, of modern times. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 1, p. 168.
- In the context of "slang|drafting|design": Tracing paper.
food for animals
- Bulgarian: фураж
- Chinese: 飼料, 饲料
- Czech: krmivo
- Danish: føde
- Dutch: veevoeder , veevoer, kanonnenvoer (cannon fodder)
- Finnish: rehu
- French: fourrage
- German: Futter
- Greek: χορτονομή
- Italian: foraggio
- Japanese: 飼葉
- Kannada: Pranigala Ahara
- Korean: 꼴 (kkor, -l) (grass), 먹이 (meogI), 사료 (飼料, saryo)
- Latin: cibo
- Russian: корм (korm)
- Serbian: krma, krmivo, splačina, pomija
- Spanish: forraje
- Swedish: foder
In agriculture, fodder or animal feed is any foodstuff that is used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, such as cattle, goats, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs. Most animal feed is from plants but some is of animal origin. "Fodder" refers particularly to food given to the animals (including plants cut and carried to them), rather than that which they forage for themselves (see forage). It includes hay, straw, silage, compressed and pelleted feeds, oils and mixed rations, and also sprouted grains and legumes.
The worldwide animal feed industry consumed 635 million tons of feed (compound feed equivalent) in 2006, with an annual growth rate of about 2%. The use of agricultural land to grow feed rather than human food can be controversial; some types of feed, such as corn (maize), can also serve as human food, while others such as grass cannot. Some agricultural by-products which are fed to animals may be considered unsavory by human consumers.
Common plants specifically grown for fodder
- Alfalfa (lucerne)
- Birdsfoot trefoil
- Maize (corn)
- Trees (pollard tree shoots for "tree-hay")
Types of fodder
- Compound feed and premixes, often called "pellets" or "nuts"
- Crop residues: stover, copra, straw, sugar beet waste
- Fish meal
- Freshly cut grass and other forage plants
- Meat and bone meal (now illegal in many areas due to risk of BSE)
- Oil cake and press cake
- Conserved forage plants: hay and silage
- Seeds and grains, either whole or prepared by crushing, milling etc
- Sprouted grains and legumes
- Yeast extract
Health concernsIn the past, mad cow disease spread through the inclusion of ruminant meat and bone meal in cattle feed due to prion contamination. This practice is now banned in most countries where it has occurred. Some animals have a lower tolerance for spoiled or moldy fodder than others, and certain types of molds, toxins, or poisonous weeds inadvertently mixed into a food source may cause economic losses due to sickness or death of the animals.
Sprouted grains as fodderFodder in the form of sprouted grains and legumes can be grown in a small-scale environment. Sprouted grains can greatly increase the nutritional value of the grain compared with feeding the "raw" (ungerminated) grain to stock.
fodder in Aymara: Q'achu
fodder in Bulgarian: Фураж
fodder in Czech: Krmivo
fodder in Pennsylvania German: Fuder
fodder in German: Futtermittel
fodder in Spanish: Pasto (ganadería)
fodder in Esperanto: Furaĝo
fodder in French: Fourrage
fodder in Indonesian: Pakan
fodder in Icelandic: Fóður
fodder in Italian: Mangime
fodder in Hebrew: מספוא
fodder in Lithuanian: Pašariniai augalai
fodder in Japanese: 飼料
fodder in Polish: Pasza (rolnictwo)
fodder in Slovenian: Krma (hrana)
fodder in Swedish: Djurfoder
fodder in Ukrainian: Фураж
fodder in Walloon: Fôraedje
fodder in Chinese: 饲料
barley, bed, bed down, bird seed, board, bran, bread, break, bridle, brush, cat food, chicken feed, chop, corn, curry, currycomb, dine, dog food, drench, eatage, ensilage, feed, forage, gentle, grain, grass, gratify, graze, groom, handle, harness, hay, hitch, litter, manage, mash, meal, meat, mess, milk, oats, pasturage, pasture, pet food, provender, provision, regale, rub down, saddle, satisfy, scratch, scratch feed, silage, slops, straw, sustain, swill, tame, tend, train, water, wheat, wine and dine, yoke